The hour has come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed" (Romans 13:11) What a marvelous truth to understand that our final deliverance from this world is fast approaching. Calvin keeps to what accords with the context, the putting on of Christ as to his holy image. Sleep - Inactivity; insensibility to the doctrines and duties of religion. Sin came into the world through one man (Adam) and spread to many, so also the gift of grace came through one man (Jesus) and abounds unto many. He has no need to feel great anxiety, excepting the eagerness of expectation, ), knowing that it is high time for you to awake out of sleep, that it is the hour for you to be already roused out of sleep, The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore put off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. The unbelieving do indeed labor under these two evils, they are blind and they are insensible; but this insensibility he shortly after designated by sleep, which is, as one says, an image of death. The declaration then seems to me to be of the most simple kind, -- "Nearer is salvation now to us than at that time when we began to believe:" so that a reference is made to the time which had preceded as to their faith. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. 11. The night has advanced, and the day, etc. It is in this way that we shall use this world without abusing it. He says that the night had advanced, because we are not so overwhelmed with thick darkness as the unbelieving are, to whom no spark of life appears; but the hope of resurrection is placed by the gospel before our eyes; yea, the light of faith, by which we discover that the full brightness of celestial glory is nigh at hand, ought to stimulate us, so that we may not grow torpid on the earth. Romans 13 is a very hard passage to wrap one's brain around. But we, who always stand in the sight of God and of angels, and whom Christ, the true sun of righteousness, invites to his presence, we indeed ought to be much more careful to beware of every kind of pollution. Sanctification, and not justification, is the subject of the passage. It can guide us, teach us, and tell us about Godâs character. The sum of what he says is, -- that as soon as God begins to call us, we ought to do the same, as when we conclude from the first dawn of the day that the full sun is at hand; we ought to look forward to the coming of Christ. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. The time (τὸν καιρόν), the particular season or juncture. He wrote this to the Romans, who, as they were rich, so they were drained by taxes and impositions, to the just and honest payment of which they are here pressed by the apostle. The Author. -- Ed. Paul established churches in many cities. That the present state of believers, their condition in this world, is meant here by "night," and their state of future glory is meant by "day," appears evident from the words which follow, "for nearer now is our salvation than when we believed." This, the time of the "gospel," when God had "made known" to people his will that they should be pure. Then this declaration could not have been suitable to the Romans. All besides, whatever it be, the state of heathenism or of imperfect and lukewarm Christianity, is like the torpor of sleep. He mentions here three kinds of vices, and to each he has given two names, -- intemperant and excess in living, -- carnal lust and uncleanness, which is connected with it, -- and envy and contention. 13. But he was careful not to upset anyone elseâs work (Romans 15:20). 14. Romans 5:12-19. This doesn't mean we break the law, but that we obey it by the power of the Spirit. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Paul admonishes believers to be aware that the return of the Lord is approaching 13:11. 1. Jesus Predicts the Destruction of the Temple (Mark 13: 1-4) (Mark 12:1-12) Jesusâ prediction of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem is one of the most important features in Markâs gospel. Salvation here, as in Romans 8:24, and in 1 Peter 1:9, means salvation made complete and perfect, the full employment of all its blessings. Romans 13:11, CSB : "Besides this, since you know the time, it is already the hour for you to wake up from sleep, because now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed." A great shock had been given to the disciples by the crucifixion of Him whom they thought to be the Messiah, and though they began to recover from this as soon as they were convinced of His resurrection, they yet could not reconcile themselves to it entirely. Not in reveling, etc. Knowing, seeing that ye know. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. 12. To put on Christ, then, is to put on his virtues and graces, to put on or be endued with his spirit, to imitate his conduct and to copy his example. 12. b. knowing the time, that now it is high time—literally, "the hour has already come.". 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