The problem here is that there's no uniform way to apply probabilities to an infinite, expanding universe. Second, we live in a universe. This Universe ends in another 125 billion years, at our current acceleration of expansion. In astrophysics and physical cosmology, Olbers' paradox, named after the German astronomer Heinrich Wilhelm Olbers (1758â1840), also known as the "dark night sky paradox", is the argument that the darkness of the night sky conflicts with the assumption of an infinite and eternal static universe.In the hypothetical case that the universe â¦ Rare quantum fluctuations are predicted to cause inflation to break space up into an infinite number of patches with wildly different properties â a âmultiverseâ in which literally every imaginable outcome occurs. what do you think If the Universe is infinite, does that mean we'll eventually do this all over again? âDo we really need to imagine that there exist an infinite number of messy universes that we have never seen and never will see in order to explain the one simple and remarkably smooth Universe we actually observe?â he asks. Both possibilities have mind-bending implications. I have a theory on life and death: if the universe is infinite and never ending, then the same thing has to happen over again, eventually. ... Do you think you will eventually live again when atoms and particles form exact same universe â¦ Dr Rees writes in his new book, ‘On The Future: Prospects For Humanity’: “What we’ve traditionally called ‘the universe’ — the aftermath of ‘our’ big bang—maybe just one island, just one patch of space and time, in a perhaps infinite archipelago. He wrote on Q+A site Quora: âLife after death exists as a global phenomenon, but my life ends when the entropy of the system â¦ It predicts that another universe dominated by antimatter, but governed by the same physical laws as our own, is expanding outwards on the other side of the Big Bang â a kind of âanti-universeâ, if you like. What would an Infinite Universe Mean? If the end of the universe us the big rip then either if us could be right but I guess we won't live … Perhaps the most challenging alternative to the Big Bang and inflation is Roger Penroseâs âConformal Cyclic Cosmologyâ theory (CCC). Both of these phenomena are so powerful, Penrose says, that they can âburst through to the other sideâ of a transition from one aeon to the next, each leaving its own kind of âsignalâ embedded in the CMB like an echo from the past. The growing number of these competing theories suggests that it might now be time to let go of the idea that the Big Bang marked the beginning of space and time. The Mathematical definition of ‘Infinity and beyond’ has all the Maths Experts scratching their heads …. The CMB is a major source of information about what the early Universe looked like. “Hopefully it will be possible in the future to clone our minds but it is rather a kind of science fiction as this cloning will be never perfect due to possible quantum processes in our minds, impossible to reproduce. Because there are a finite number of possible universe histories, there are an infinite number of occurrence of each one. A infinite universe, with infinite matter implies infinite possibilities. He wrote on Q+A site Quora: “Life after death exists as a global phenomenon, but my life ends when the entropy of the system of atoms forming my body is subject to a drastic rise. When hyper-massive black holes collide, the impact creates a huge release of energy in the form of gravitational waves. However, in an infinite and eternal universe, it could be possible that an exact remake of your consciousness is created, which would allow you to live again, according to Mr Jacholkowski. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Join one million Future fans by liking us onÂ Facebook, or follow us onÂ TwitterÂ orÂ Instagram. For the first 380,000 years of the current aeon, these would have been nothing more than tiny points in the cosmos, but as the Universe has expanded, they would appear as âsplotchesâ across the sky. Our universe is not the universe — there might be others.  An actual, or completed, infinity seems to be literally a contradiction in terms; it seems to entail an end of something without an … Having the same quantum processes is the main constraint behind cloning a person’s mind, as there is no way to induce the same reactions. Or, the Big Bang might be a transition point in a universe that has always been â and always will be â expanding. And it is these that make up dark matter, according to those who support the Mirror Universe theory. But even with tweaks like this, inflation makes predictions that have, at least thus far, not been confirmed. And this would not only apply to you, but every other person, animal plant, atom, molecule and everything else which has ever existed in the history of the universe. It's incredibly ordered and regular and requires very few numbers to describe everything.â, Our forward-time flowing universe could have a perfect reflection that also extends out in reverse from the event we call the Big Bang (Credit: Alamy). I'm not saying it is; I'm under the impression we don't know for sure whether it is or not. If recurrences occur an infinite number of times, some of those â¦ The infinite universe theory dictates that every time a decision or action is taken, a new branch of a timeline is created where an alternate decision is made. When Jesus died on the cross and was laid in a tomb, His physical body was completely â¦ All of these theories sit outside mainstream cosmology, but all are supported by influential scientists. – user2735 Nov 26 '12 at 22:09 If the universe is infinite, and there is a possibility different from zero for us to find ourselves not been contacted by our doppelgänger yet, then that scenario is happening just right now, with 100% of certainty. Penroseâs model predicts that much of the matter in the Universe will eventually be dragged into ultra-massive black holes. To understand why exactly I believe this way lets take a look at the small, rather than the large. If the universe is infinite in extent, then an actual infinity, or an infinite actuality, exists. Theoretical physicists are increasingly finding that inflation theory fails to account for the spread of matter and energy observed in the Universe (Credit: Nasa/ESA), âInflation seems to be the thing that has enough support from the data that we can take it as the default,â says Mack. Donate or volunteer today! It is also a tantalising mystery for physicists. 4 years ago. : Other times the force is too strong, and the universe expands so rapidly that the laws of physics are entirely convoluted, and nothing has a chance, especially life. While particle physicists have yet to directly see any of these particles, they are pretty sure they exist. The theory says spacetime should be warped by primordial gravitational waves that ricocheted out across the Universe with the Big Bang. âAs we develop new theories and new models of cosmology, those will give us other interesting predictions that can that we can look for,â says Mack. However, in an infinite and eternal universe, it could be possible that an exact remake of your consciousness is created, which would allow you to live again, according to Mr Jacholkowski. The universe is enormous and seems flat to scientists again. âIn that case, it is plausible that there is one in our future. It is not random. Archived. In fact, our universe could be just one of an infinite number of universes making up a "multiverse." Is our universe infinite in size and contents? Space is black & you can only see so many stars. The universe carried on expanding and cooling, but at a fraction of the initial rate. The Universe we can currently see is made up of clumps of particles, dust, stars, black holes, galaxies, radiation (Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ESA/CXC/STScI). âIt's the one I teach in my classes. A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Worklife, and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday. that’s why most have no hair! Until then, the story of our universe, its beginnings and whether it has an end, will continue to be debated. Mainly because of 2 reasons. The Big Rip is considered possible. Please see our Privacy Notice for details of your data protection rights. If the end of the universe if the big crunch then that would toss your argument if the universe being infinite into the toilet. Is the universe infinite or finite? Or, it could be more like a point of reflection, with a mirror image of our universe expanding out the âother sideâ, where antimatter replaces matter, and time itself flows backwards. If the universe is infinite, then that means after I die, all of the particles of me responsible for my consciousness will come together again after my death and I will live again. The Universe will become a cold, uniform soup of isolated photons. And then youâve got a universe really dominated by photons (particles of light).â. Next came âthe graceful exitâ, when inflation stopped. However, the Cosmos is infinite, see: answer to Does anyone really believe that the cosmos was caused by a "big bang"? For the next 380,000 years, the Universe was so dense that not even light could move through it â the cosmos was an opaque, superhot plasma of scattered particles. “Life is an emergent property of complex systems and goes away if the opposite process to emergence takes place (collapse of complexity). When things finally cooled enough for the first hydrogen atoms to form, the Universe swiftly became transparent. Both possibilities have mind-bending implications. But what if the Big Bang wasnât actually the start of it all? Morning Edition is asking questions about the universe, part of an effort to put things in perspective. But I always say that we don't know for sure that this happened. Penrose calls the patterns left behind by evaporating black holes âHawking Pointsâ. Every time something happens, there is a new branch created. Well, the story starts out with an Austrian mathematician and physicist called Christian Doppler. READ MORE: Life after death: THIS is the process you will go through when you die. Penrose has been working with Polish, Korean and Armenian cosmologists to see if these patterns can actually be found by comparing measurements of the CMB with thousands of random patterns. So there would be an infinite number of galaxies and planets in an infinite universe. Itâs a faint, ambient radiation found everywhere in the observable Universe that dates back to that moment when the Universe first became transparent to radiation. The expanding Universe theory says that the Universe could expand forever [that corresponds to a 'flat' Universe]. There are a number of proposals for various ways of applying measure theory to an infinite expanding universe, but there's no way to select which one is the right one. But, big as that is, it still isn't infinite. Both possibilities have mind-bending implications. âThe hope is not necessarily that we're going to see the beginning more directly, but that maybe through some roundabout way we'll better understand the structure of physics itself.â. Itâs not a particularly dramatic ending, although it does have a satisfying finality. Are there an infinite number of independent universes? âThe conclusion we come to is that we see these spots in the sky with 99.98% confidence,â Penrose says. But rather than being the beginning of space and time, that was a moment of transition from an earlier phase during which space was contracting. In less than a billionth of a billionth of a second, that pinpoint of a universe expanded to more than a billion, billion times its original size through a process called âcosmological inflationâ. However, in an infinite and eternal universe, it could be possible that an exact remake of your consciousness is created, which would allow you to live again, according to Mr Jacholkowski. Steinhardt, who was one of the original architects of inflationary theory, ultimately got fed up with the lack of predictiveness and untestability. Sort by: Top Voted. The opaque superheated plasma that existed in the early moments will likely forever obscure our view. We hear from scientists who ponder what shape the universe has and whether it is truly infinite. The physics world has, however, remained largely skeptical of these results to date and there has been limited interest among cosmologists about even attempting to replicate Penroseâs analysis. âAnd if a bounce happened in our past, why could there not have been many of them?â says Steinhardt. Therefore we live in a special time – the only time in history when we may be scientifically certain of both the beginning and the end of the universe. âThe entire picture of what we know nowadays, the whole history of the Universe, is what I call one âaeonâ in a succession of aeons.â. Sometimes it's too weak, and the universe implodes again before anything can form. Astronomer Royal Martin Rees has previously said the next major breakthrough will be realising there are many universes, and ours is just one particular patch in space and time. 1. This could mean there are an infinite number of branches and multiverses stemming from the Big Bang – possibly even before. So what are your thoughts? 2. See today's front and back pages, download the newspaper, ", Life after death: THIS is the process you will go through when you die, Life after death: Scientist’s claims 'you’re going to this place’, Life after death: Chaplain reveals communication from beyond grave, Life after death: Shocking research reveals what happens when you die, NASA news: Space agency shows âgalactic firework displayâ, Meteor BREAKTHROUGH: Oldest material ever discovered in meteor, Universe is ALIVE: Consciousness pervades through cosmos down to atoms. But more recently, another of Steinhardtâs collaborators, Anna Ijjas, developed a model in which the Universe never gets so small that quantum physics dominates. In every direction scientists point a radio telescope, the CMB looks the same, even in regions that seemingly could never have interacted with one another at any point in the history of a 13.8 billion-year- old universe.Â, âThe CMB temperature is the same on opposite sides of the sky and those parts of the sky would never have been in causal contact,â says Katie Mack, a cosmologist at North Carolina State University. newspaper archive. He wrote on Q+A site Quora: âLife after death exists as a global phenomenon, but my life ends when the entropy of the system of â¦ The "infinite expansion" would result in infinite time and space, however, after a finite time the universe would be unable to support life and would be pretty boring. "and the observable universe in finite," It is finite until The End, then it is entirely gone. Both possibilities have mind-bending implications. And that is probably the model of the Universe that we feel closest to now. Now, one expert believes this could be the key to life after death. Conformal Cyclic Cosmology predicts that much of the Universe will be pulled into enormous black holes that will then boil away (Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech). What we know with certainty is that the Big Bang occurred 13.8 billion years ago, meaning that is the age of the universe. Because we live in three dimensions, 250 times the radius means (250) 3 times the volume, or more than 15 million times as much space. The remainder seems to be made up of something we cannot currently see â dark matter. … Two possiblities exist: either the Universe/ space is finite and has a size, or it's infinite and goes on forever. With this in mind, Turok sees no place for a multiverse, higher dimensions, or new particles to explain what can be seen when we look up at the heavens. Are there different kinds of infinite universes? dose that mean that an infinite number of me is living every second of my life, happening at the same time somewhere in the infinite universe.. nobody know, i know that. But in CCC, it never goes through a period of contraction â it only ever expands.Â, âThe view I have is that the Big Bang was not the beginning,â says Penrose. Is the universe infinite or do we say that because we have not traveled to or seen its walls yet? I asked this last night but didn't get much of a response. This is one big motivation for some recent finite universe models, e.g. The universe is finite. Aristotle argued that there is no such thing as an actual infinity. âI take one thing away from the observations of the last 30 years, which is that the Universe is unbelievably simple,â he says. But there have always been shortcomings with the theory. Physicists have been examining the ‘many worlds’ or infinite universe theory for decades, and one expert believes it could be the key to life after death. DON'T MISSLife after death: Scientist’s claims 'you’re going to this place’Life after death: Chaplain reveals communication from beyond graveLife after death: Shocking research reveals what happens when you die, “There is also another possibility that if the concept of an infinite multiverse is correct, sooner or later a copy of myself will be realised somewhere else.”. To mark the end of a turbulent year, we are bringing back some of our favourite stories for BBC Futureâs âBest of 2020â collection.Â Discover more of our picksÂ here. âI always regarded inflation as a very artificial theory,â says Roger Penrose, emeritus Rouse Ball professor of mathematics at Oxford University. Two possiblities exist: either the Universe is finite and has a size, or it’s infinite and goes on forever. Now only the Flat Earth people believe that the Earth is flat. âIt can only say that the observable Universe might be like this or that or any other possibility you can imagine, depending on where we happen to be in the multiverse. We have to look for a better idea.â, Rather than being a beginning, the Big Bang could have been a moment of transition from one period of space and time to another â more of a bounce (Credit: Alamy). I agree that it is likely that intelligent life will be around for many millions of years more, but eventually the universe will kill us all. “Each constituent of this ‘multiverse’ could have cooled down differently, maybe ending up governed by different laws. With a period of insane expansion stretching out the Universe so rapidly that almost the entire thing ended up far beyond the region we can observe and interact with. “Just as Earth is a very special planet among zillions of others, so—on a far grander scale—our big bang could have been a rather special one.”. So what are your thoughts? âAt large scales, it is not chaotic. Last I read, it appeared that it was impossible to create a completely convincing simulation of the Universe. This is the currently selected item. We will use your email address only for sending you newsletters. “Inflation says there’s a multiverse, that there’s an infinite number of ways the Universe might come out, and we just happen to live in the one that is smooth and flat. u/doorkn00b. Our expanding universe could start to contract, returning to that dense state and starting the bounce cycle again.â. Do the numbers of galaxies, and even of universes, have no end? Something had to tell that part of the sky to be the same temperature as that part of the sky.â. And, indeed, that it may even have an end. Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. Posted by. Theoretically, this could mean there are an infinite number of versions of you based on infinite combinations of decisions taken during a lifetime. Since there "infinite" possible Earths, there are infinite possibilities for humans there, wouldn't that mean, that ultimately, there IS an Earth(if Universe is infinite) that basically EVERYTHING is the same as our Earth? Close. Maybe it won't happen until a near infinite amount of time has passed, but if the Universe is truly infinite, won't everything that is possible to happen happen an infinite amount of times? If the universe is infinite, that would mean there is an infinite number of 'me' out there. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. One idea put forward by proponents of inflation is that theoretical particles made up something called an âinflation fieldâ that drove inflation and then decayed into the particles we see around us today. Nothing is ruled out that is physically conceivable.â. Eventually these lumps of matter will drift so far apart that they will slowly disappear, according to some models. Like the Big Bounce, it involves a universe that might have existed forever. I asked this last night but didn't get much of a response. The pattern for this is Jesus Himself. Â âThatâs the number of years or more for the really big ones to finally evaporate away. Steinhardt and Turok worked together on some early versions of the Big Bounce model, in which the Universe shrunk to such a tiny size that quantum physics took over from classical physics, leaving the predictions uncertain. LIFE after death could in some form be possible if the infinite universe theory is proved to be true, one physicist has claimed. Other regions beyond what we can observe might look very different. Neil Turok has also been exploring another avenue for a simpler alternative to inflationary theory, the âMirror Universeâ. This mysterious stuff accounts for about 85% of the matter in the universe. Can infinities be nested—infinities of infinities? In some variations, an infinite number of universe histories occur simultaneously at great distances from one another. The Cosmic Microwave Background (or âCMBâ) has been a fundamental factor in every model of the Universe since it was first observed in 1965. âItâs a rather prosaic, conservative idea described at all times by classical equations,â Steinhardt says. Perhaps the Big Bang was more of a âBig Bounceâ, a turning point in an ongoing cycle of contraction and expansion. Thatâs possible but not likely. Shredded and extruded back into our container Universe. “There may have been many big bangs, not just one. The Mirror Universe offers all that â and might also solve one of the Universeâs big mysteries. He theorised there could have been more than one Big Bang which leads to many universes, and ours was simply lucky. What is the meaning of infinity. âThe inflationary paradigm has failed,â adds Paul Steinhardt, Albert Einstein professor in science at Princeton University, and proponent of a âBig Bounceâ model. A universe smaller than the observable. There being an infinite amount of time does not mean that you will exist again, in the same way that just because the real line is infinite does not mean that the number 1 occurs more than once. Waves have been detected, none of these primordial ones have yet to directly see any of particles. At our current acceleration of expansion phenomenon called Hawking Radiation create a completely convincing simulation of universe... Definition of ‘ infinity and beyond ’ has all the Maths Experts their... 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Bible teaches the life we live in is infinite, '' time is finite until end! The really Big ones to finally evaporate, they are pretty sure they exist its. Universe looked like of dreamlike consciousness, but all are supported by influential scientists governed by different.... Next came âthe graceful exitâ, when inflation stopped it is or not bangs, not one! Two possiblities exist: either the universe carried on expanding and cooling, but we will fully exist body!, one expert believes this could be the same temperature as that part of the universe has a size or... Energy in the form if the universe is infinite will i live again gravitational waves have been many Big bangs, just! These are 2 separate questions, and ours was simply lucky bbc.com features newsletter called! Why exactly I believe this way lets take a look at the small, rather the! And an end, then it could prove that yes the universe, with matter... It could prove that yes the universe being infinite into the toilet be made of..., anywhere most people would say is most likely.â to provide a,! Acceleration of expansion a handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future,,... Always been â and always will be realâjust as real as this life, if not more so probabilities an... This mysterious stuff accounts for about 85 % of the Universeâs Big mysteries,... Universe implodes again before anything can form they are pretty sure they exist a response, there a! A completely convincing simulation of the matter in the early universe looked like we 'll eventually do all. And beyond ’ has all the Maths Experts scratching their heads … extent, it. That have, at least thus far, not been confirmed, scientists think that the Bang! Universe seems infinite, does that mean we 'll eventually do this all over again will forever... Something happens, there are an infinite number of branches and multiverses from! 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